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White fluffy growth on a halophyte

I found this plant in the coast of a middle eastern rocky desert. I wonder what species it is but more importantly, what is that fluffy white growth on the plant? it doesn’t look like a fungus… I’m guessing it’s either some sort of flower turned to ‘seed carrier’. The width of the branch is approximately 1 cm wide and contains all these nodules as a sort of replacement for the stereotypical image of what a leaf would look like (supposedly to store water more easily).

If that fluffy ball is a seed carrier, how should I collect the seed to plant the species? should I just leave the fluff ball in the soil and water it or would it be better to cut it open. I haven’t opened what is in the inside yet though I plan to after getting some responses from here.

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