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How does this recursive Python code work?

I came across this recursive function that’s supposed flatten a dictionary: def flatten(data, prefix=”, separator=’.’): """Flattens a nested dict structure. """ if not isinstance(data, dict): return {prefix: data} if prefix else data result = {} for (key, value) in data.items(): result.update(flatten(value,_get_new_prefix(prefix, key, separator), separator=separator)) return result def _get_new_prefix(prefix, key, separator): return (separator.join((prefix, str(key))) if prefix […]