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## How can we define a non-spontaneous reaction?

Consider a reaction:$$\ce{aA + bB <=> cC + dD}$$ The value of reaction quotient at a certain time $t$, $${Q_c = \frac{[C]^c[D]^d}{[A]^a[B]^b}}$$ where the concentrations $[A], [B], [C]$ and $[D]$ are at time $t$. Let the reaction start initially at $t = 0$, with only reactants $i.e.$ $[A]$ and $[B]$ equal to say $1$ mol […]