Ask Chemistry

Is there an ‘easy’ way to determine if a ligand is a pi acceptor, donor or neutral?

First of all I am confused how something can be pi neutral? something either does or doesn’t have filled p orbitals for example.
given something I have never seen acting as a ligand before like trimethylphosphate how can I work out whether this is pi accepting, donating or neutral? I am thinking the donor atom would be the oxygen bonded to the Me group and P but do I only consider the orbital of the donor atom?

For a tetragonal Cu(II) complex how can a ligand even act as pi donating if since the t2g orbitals on the metal are filled?

Sorry about this messy question, I am very confused about this in general, I would be so grateful if someone could help me understand this

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *